-Also called gum bleaching is the procedure of removing the black spots or patches on the gums caused by excessive melanin.
-Gum tissue Discoloration (black spots or patches on the gums) is usually caused by excess deposits of melanin or by long term use of certain medication.
-A clinical assessment is carried out to customize the treatment to the patient’s needs, and the procedure itself can involve surgical, chemical, or laser ablation techniques.
Laser Gum Depigmentation Techniques (Laser Gum Bleaching)
A dental laser can target and ablate the melanocytes (cells which reside in the basal layer of the gingival epithelium producing Melanin that cause gum discoloration). A dental laser can target the melanocytes, thus reducing the production of melanin in the gingival tissue. Following laser depigmentation, the gingiva heals by secondary intention. This results in a lighter and more uniform color of the gums.